As more and more states (and countries) legalize cannabis, a staggering array of products have come to market. It can be overwhelming at first, but with our help, you can find the perfect strain for your needs. We’ll start with the basics, introduce you to a few newcomers, and link you onward to the deeper science. But, more than anything, this guide will give you the confidence to get started and find out what cannabis products best meet your needs. With the help of our expert support staff, you can get exactly what you want from your cannabis experience – and only what you want. Marijuana vs. Hemp Both marijuana and hemp come from the same cannabis plant. Hemp varieties are low in psychoactive chemicals. They grow tall and skinny because growers have bred them for fiber production. Marijuana plants, bred for flowers, have lots of side branches that give them a bushy appearance. For millennia, humans have used these plants as medicine, in religious rituals, and for recreation. Growers have nurtured a great variety of cannabis strains with unique chemical combinations The myth about George Washington growing hemp is, at least, partially true. At Mt. Vernon, he grew a low-THC variant of Cannabis Sativa for making rope, thread, canvas, and nets. He considered selling it as a cash crop – but later decided to frow wheat for market and hemp for use on the farm. As far as we know, Mt. Vernon has no record of Washington growing high-THC varieties of cannabis. What is Indica? What is Sativa? Cannabis growers typically recognize three species (or sub-species) of cannabis: Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa, and Cannabis Ruderalis. Historically, cannabis began in Tibet over 27 million years ago. It spread west into Europe as Cannabis Sativa around 1.5 million years ago, with higher CBD levels as compared to THC. The Asian variant, Cannabis Indica, developed higher THC levels and lower amounts of CBD. However, don’t be confused. The names indica and sativa, as used today, have very little to do with these historical names. Psychological researchers report that sativa users often feel alert, energized, and motivated. In contrast, indica users typically experience relaxation and sleepiness. So, if you’re going to sleep (or need help getting to sleep), consider an indica. If you’re having a party, you might want to try a sativa. Growers typically don’t grow Cannabis Ruderalis on its own because of its low THC levels. Instead, they crossbreed it into sativas and indicas, so these high-THC varieties gain ruderalis’ convenient auto-flowering trait. What are Delta-8 Hybrids? Growers often breed indicas with sativas to combine desired traits. Of course, they also breed indicas with indicas and sativas with sativas. With the added complexity of ruderalis hybridization, the word “hybrid” can mean almost anything. Cannabis retailers often use the term sativa to mean energetic, indica to mean “in da couch”, and hybrid to mean a blend of the two. As a beginner, you can ask our experts, read reviews, and experiment very carefully with new-to-you products. At the end of the day, everyone experiences THC (and all the other compounds in cannabis) differently. You’ll need to gently discover what’s right for your body and your mind. What is THC? Researchers have identified over 100 phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids for short). These chemical compounds interact with endocannabinoid receptors in our brains and nervous systems. They also connect with receptors in our hearts, lungs, immune systems, gastrointestinal tracts, reproductive organs, adrenal glands, and bladders. The most well-known chemical compound in cannabis is Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9 THC). Delta-9 THC is the most common type, but we’ll discuss that later. For now, all you need to know is that THC is the chemical in cannabis most responsible for getting people high. For example, many regulators use THC levels to determine the difference between hemp and marijuana. When purchasing cannabis products for medical or recreational use, be sure to check out their THC percentages/concentrations. When in doubt, consume a lower amount than recommended, especially at first. Of course, ask your doctor whether cannabis is right for you, which dosage is best, and what THC/CBD/CBG percentages are appropriate. What is CBD? What is CBG? Cannabidiol (CBD) and it’s lesser-known cousin Cannabigerol (CBG) have much in common. They don’t have the psychoactive effects of THC but offer similar (if not better) pain relief. CBD and CBG reduce inflammation, protect your brain, and contain antioxidants. CBG stands out from both THC and CBD as a non-intoxicating appetite stimulator. It fights cancer tumors and rivals powerful antibiotics. CBD helps fight nausea, anxiety, and even certain epilepsies. CBD and THC, when used together, Terps & Phenolics Terpenes (Terps, for short) give cannabis its signature aroma and taste – but also boost the health effects of THC, CBD, and CBG. This entourage effect means that some users prefer whole-flower cannabis to products that isolate CBD, for example. Terps create the unique aromas of each cannabis strain, such as pine or citrus. They exist throughout nature and are the active ingredients in many essential oils. Phenolics helps plants grow and develop, provide a scaffold/structure, and protect them from microorganisms. Together with other cannabis compounds, they play a part in the entourage effect – though scientists are only just beginning to discover how and why. Ties That Bind The atoms that make up our world join up to form compounds. They attach to each other with single and double bonds. In single bonds, a pair of atoms shares two electrons; in double bonds, they share four. Single bonds hold atoms farther apart (and more loosely) than double bonds. Picture the rubber bands that secure lobster claws in restaurant aquariums. One rubber band might keep a lobster from injuring its tank-mates. But two bands would be stronger – and hold a lobster’s pincers closer together. What are Delta Numbers? When cannabis chemists talk about THC varieties, they use Delta notation. The number after Delta indicates the location of the double bond in the chemical structure. What you need to know to get started is that Delta 8, Delta 9, and Delta 10 are all similar. However, putting the double bond in slightly different positions means a difference THC experience – which cannabis connoisseurs are just beginning to explore. Delta-8 – This variant has indica-like effects, such as relaxation. The FDA reminds us that although Delta-8 is different than Delta-9, it is still psychoactive. Unlike Delta-10 (which is more similar to CBD), Delta 8 still packs quite a punch. Smoked Delta-8 THC stands out above other cannabis products because of its instant anti-nausea and appetite-stimulus effects. It helps people with stomach and liver problems – and can provide easier dosage control than other ingestion methods. Of course, Delta-8 offers many of the traditional benefits of THC, including pain relief, inflammation reduction, and temperature regulation. It can relieve migraines and even psychotic symptoms (especially when taken at early stages). Delta-9 – 50% stronger than Delta 8, Delta 9 delivers an intense psychotropic effect. You may experience euphoria, unique thoughts, memory changes, coordination difficulties, and altered perceptions. This, the most common Delta variety, is the THC most users will be familiar with. Delta-10 – As of early 2021, cannabis growers aren’t producing natural Delta 10. For now, this cannabinoid is only synthetically produced from CBD. Many people choose Delta 10 because it bridges the gap between CBD and THC. It provides sativa-like effects like increased creativity, happiness, energy, and focus. With a lower psychotropic potency than Delta 9, Delta 10 offers a slight, more-than-CBD psychotropic effect that takes the edge off but doesn’t dominate your day. What is THC-O ? Made from legal hemp (with low THC levels), this synthetic compound is three times stronger than normal THC. At this level of psychoactivity, THC-O walks the line between cannabis and stronger psychedelics. To make THC-O, producers create Delta-8 (or a similar compound) from CBD and add Acetic Anhydride. Be sure to get your THC-O from a trusted supplier (like us!) because this conversion process must be done under the safest conditions by only the most reputable producers. What is THC-P ? This cannabinoid, discovered recently by accident, binds with your endocannabinoid receptors 30 times better than regular THC. Known as Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabiphorol, or simply THC-P, this new compound was only introduced to the scientific community in 2019. Without getting too deep into the science, this variant of Delta-9 has a longer alkyl chain that connects better with your endocannabinoid system. Scientists look forward to examining this promising compound’s potential for pain relief and sleep-promotion. The entourage effects of THC-P, when combined with standard Delta-9 and other cannabinoids, could be truly groundbreaking. We provide all the Delta 8, 9, and 10 products you need – in one convenient place. Our THC-O and THC-P products come only from the finest producers. If you want cutting-edge products, let the experts at Delta 8 Resellers help you choose the best – today!
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